Thrombosed hemorrhoids, which occur when blood pools and clots in a swollen blood vessel, are actually fairly common. They’re also a bigger problem than regular hemorrhoids, since the clot in a thrombosed hemorrhoid causes pain, swelling, and discoloration.
Because thrombosed hemorrhoids aren’t thoroughly researched, experts aren’t sure what actually causes them. But it is known that they primarily develop after significant pressure is applied to an individual’s anal canal; for instance, after the vaginal birth of a newborn or following severe bouts of constipation. Although these kinds of hemorrhoids aren’t dangerous or life-threatening, they can still make you extremely uncomfortable and sore.
Common Hemorrhoid Symptoms
Even though many individuals have hemorrhoids, fortunately not everyone will experience the symptoms. Overall, the most common symptom of internal hemorrhoids is when a person’s stool is covered in bright red blood, either in the toilet or on the toilet paper. However, a hemorrhoid that’s internal may project to the outside of the body through the anus, which can become quite painful and irritated. This is called a protruding hemorrhoid.
External hemorrhoid symptoms sometimes include painful and tender swelling of the area, or a firm lump appearing around the person’s anus as a result of a blood clot. This condition is essentially known as a thrombosed external hemorrhoid.
Furthermore, excessively cleaning, rubbing, or straining the anus may eventually cause undue irritation, itching and/or bleeding, which can create a vicious cycle of ongoing symptoms. Mucus that drains in the area may cause incessant itching as well.
How to Effectively Treat a Thrombosed Hemorrhoid
Thrombosed hemorrhoids will usually go away on their own, without the need for any special treatment. However, sometimes they can leave behind a bit of loose skin that may aggravate the anal area. In such cases, surgery is sometimes necessary in order to remove the extra skin. Until the hemorrhoid dissolves, over-the-counter pain relievers should be sufficient to address any discomfort and tenderness.
There are many things you can actually do to make the hemorrhoid disappear faster. The first step is to make sure you’re not applying any unnecessary pressure on or around the anal area during a bowel movement. Instead, let the stool pass naturally without any undue straining. If you tend to suffer from chronic constipation, it’s a good idea to incorporate more fiber into your diet or supplement with stool softeners if necessary to make your stool easier to pass.
Some people take sitz baths in order to relieve certain symptoms commonly associated with thrombosed hemorrhoids. To start, fill your bathtub with just a few inches of soapy warm water and relax in it for about 20 -30 minutes. Ideally, you should do this following each bowel movement if possible and a few more times throughout the day until all the thrombosed hemorrhoids completely dissolve. Also, be sure to pat the sensitive area dry or even use a hair dryer to thoroughly evaporate any excess moisture. Manually wiping the area will likely irritate your hemorrhoids.
Healing Thrombosed Hemorrhoids
In some cases, surgery is required to treat stubborn thrombosed hemorrhoids. This particular kind of surgery is performed in a physician’s office on an outpatient basis, and consists of removing the entire hemorrhoid or sometimes just the blood clot inside. There are more conservative medical treatments available as well. For instance, a doctor may choose to stop the blood flow to the hemorrhoid by wrapping a rubber band around it. After some time, the area below the band starts to shrink in size. Based on the size of the hemorrhoid, this process may require several visits over the period of a few months.
As long as you properly address it in order to dissolve it in a timely manner, a thrombosed hemorrhoid is nothing to worry about.